Bangalore is the capital city of Karnataka. Kempe Gowda is the founder of Bangalore and dedicated his life in shaping this beautiful city. Hunting was the interesting adventures during earlier days. During some incident hare chased his dog, both were strong enough to fight so he decided Bangalore is a place of strong minded people and called it has ?gandu bhoomi? also known as heroic place.

Yelahanka was ruled by Kempe Gowda and he built the Mud fort in the year 1537 and small towns called Bale pet, Cotton pet and Chick pet located inside the mud fort was built by Kempe Gowda and with his other ruler called Achutaraya, presently all these places are wholesale market places.

The four watch towers was founded by Kempe Gowda sons and that can be seen even today. Vijayanagara kingdom was declined in the year 1638 and was taken by Mohammed Adil Shah, the Sultan of Bijapur.

Bangalore is known as the Garden city because of many greens around the city. Bangalore is also rich in its culture and heritage. The oldest festival called as "Karaga Shaktyotsava. Deepavali is called as ?Festival of lights?, Navrati of nine nights, and there are many other festivals called Ramanavami and Ganesha Chaturthi. There are 3 types of Media called Radio, Television and Internet.

History of Bangalore

Kempe Gowda declared independence after the declination of Vijay nagara Empire. In 1638 Bijapur army was headed by Ramadulla Khan defeated Kempe Gowda and the city was captured by Shahji and then later it was handed over to Mughals. After 3 years Mughals handed over the kingdom for Chikkadevaraja Wodeyar of Mysore they built a fort to the south of Bangalore. Wodeyar handed over the city to Hyder Ali. After the death of Tipu Sultan the British handed over the Bangalore to Wodeyar III.

During the British ruling, people found many facilities like transportation, postal, telegraphs and police departments. The great pioneers like Mirza Ismail and sir Vishweshwaraya worked hard towards the improvement of Bangalore city.

Presently, Bangalore is also called as "India's Silicon Valley," "Fashion Capital of India," "The Pub City of India," and many more.

1. BC (-) Stone Age implements, Roman coins & burial grounds unearthed. 15. In 1759 Wodeyar gifted it to Hyder Ali.
2. 850 AD 'Bengalooru' appears on Mauryan empire milestone. 16. Wodeyars took it in 1690 for 3 lakhs.
3. 1015 Chola Empire takes over City. 17. 1687 City was conquered by Aurangzeb's.
4. 1120 'Benda Kalooru' or 'Town of Boiled Beans' was called by Veera Ballala II 18. In 1640 Bangalore girl was married to Shivaji.
5. 1537 City was designed by Kempe Gowda. 19. 1638 Shahaji Bhonsle conquered the City for Adil Shah who gifts it to him.
6. 1791 Tipu was defeated by Cornwallis. 20. 1799 Tipu dies city was given back to Wodeyar.
7. 1800 GPO was opened in Bangalore 21. 1809 Cantonment established.
8. 1812 St. Mark's Cathedral built. 22. 1831 British take-over administration.
9. Sunday declared as holiday. 23. 1859 1st train steams out of City.
10. 1864 Cubbon Park built by Sankey. 24. 1867 Attara Kacheri built.
11. 1887 Bangalore Palace built. 25. 1898 The great plague.
12. 1903 City was polluted by the motor car 26. 1905 India's 1st electric bulb lit in Bangalore City Market.
13. 1909 Indian Institute of Science built. 27. 1940 1st flight Bangalore/Bombay.
14. 1948 Deccan Herald established. 28. 1954 Vidhana Soudha built.


Air transportation:

New Airport is at Devanahalli, which offers the unique facility for the global travelers.

Railways Transportation:

This is the main transportation in Bangalore because it connects many cities with the meter and broad gauge of services. The following are the Railway Enquiry numbers:
Railway General Enquiry - 131
ailway Reservation Enquiry - 132
ailway Arrival and Departure Enquiry - 133
The enquiry and reservation office is open from Monday to Saturday between 8 A.M. to 8 P.M. On Sundays between 8 A.M. to 2 P.M.

Bus Transportation:

This is also the main transportation for the people who hangs out daily for various purposes, which is located opposite to the railway station. There are two types of bus transportation BMTC operates within the city and KSRTC handles outside the city, within and outside the states. You can also find many private buses that roam in and round the city.

ISKON Temple: This temple is located in the West of Chord road, Rajajinagar. This temple has the culture of Radha Krishna, which is located to the top of the hill covers an area of seven-acre called as ?Hare Krishna Hill'. More details on ISKON Temple

Bull Temple: This temple is near Basavanagudi has a unique style of Dravidian style built by Kempe Gowda. The bull is made of single stone gray granite of 4.5 mts height and 6.5 mts long. The temple was built purposely for the bull because it was rushing to every groundnut farm near the city.

Banashankari Temple: Temple is in the Kanakpura Road built in 1915 by Somanna Shetty the deity of Banashankari Amma bought from the Badami. The deity pooja is done in Rahukala, good time according to the Hindu culture.

Kadu Mallikarjunaswamy Temple: It is in Malleshwaram, belongs to the Chatrapati Shivaji's stepbrother Venkoji came with 'shivalingam' in the year 1669 and constructed the temple around it.

Gavi Gangadareshwara Temple: Temple is near Basavanagudi has a unique style of carvings. This is the oldest temple in the city.

Most popular shopping areas:

Commercial Street: This is located in Shivajinagar, where you get shoes, art supplies, stationary, jewellery, travel kits, sports and household articles.

Mahatma Gandhi Road: Here you can get books, magazines, photography supplies, silk sarees, antiques, textiles, garments and general goods. The main Shopping Centres in MG road are Shrungar Shopping Complex, Barton Court, Public Utility Building, Spencer's Super Market, the Coir Board showroom, Natesan's Antiquarts, Kids Kemp, Saree Kemp, Cauvery Arts and Crafts emporium.

Brigade Road: Here the shopping ranges from electronic items like TV sets and music systems to refrigerators to the unique garments, pots and pans, toys, music and shoes.

Malls: Bangalore is famous for malls like Mantri mall, Orion Mall, Lido Mall, Garuda Mall where there are more than 100 shops in every mall with unique items.

Other Areas: Chick pet is famous for its silk sarees, silver and gold jewellery and textiles. Arcot Srinivaschari Street is famous for copperware and brass ware items etc. Avenue road is famous for books and other household articles.

Parks Description
Gir Forest National Park This has an total area of 1412 km. The carnivores group mainly comprises Asiatic lions, Indian Leopards, Sloth bears, Indian Cobras, Jungle cats, Striped Hyenas, Golden Jackals, Indian Mongoose, Indian Palm Civets, and Ratels. The herbivores of Gir are Chital, Nilgai, Sambar, Four-horned Antelope, Chinkara and Wild boar. The reptiles are represented by the mugger Marsh crocodile, Indian Star Tortoise and the Monitor Lizard in the water areas of the sanctuary. Snakes are also found in this place.
Velavadar National Park This park is situated in Bhavnagar district spread over 34 sq.kms. The nearest airport Bhavanagar is at a distance of 72km. Here you can see black buck and wolf.
Vansda National Park Located in the district of Bulser. Daghi,is the nearest town from the park. The nearest airport is Baroda, 249km away. Here you can find leopard and peafowl.
Marine National Park This park covers an area of 163 sq. kms. in the Gulf of Kutch in Jamnagar district. The fauna of the park comprises dugong, green sea turtle, ridley, leather back and olive.

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