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Washington, is the capital of the United States. The states of Maryland and Virginia donated land along the Potomac River to form the federal district; however, Congress returned the Virginia portion in 1846. The City of Washington, located east of the preexisting port of Georgetown, was founded in 1791 to serve as the new national capital. Congress consolidated the whole District under a single municipal government in 1871.
The centers of all three branches of the federal government of the United States are in the District, including the Congress, President, and Supreme Court. Washington is home to many national monuments and museums, which are primarily situated on or around the National Mall.An Algonquian-speaking people known as the Nacotchtank inhabited the area around the Anacostia River when the first Europeans arrived in the 17th century. However, the Nacotchtank people had largely relocated from the area by the early 18th century.
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History of Washington

A new "federal city" was then constructed on the north bank of the Potomac, to the east of the established settlement at Georgetown. On September 9, 1791, the three commissioners charged with overseeing the capital's construction named the city in honor of President Washington. The federal district was named Columbia, which was a poetic name for the United States in use at that time.Washington is in the humid subtropical climate zone and exhibits four distinct seasons. Its climate is typical of Mid-Atlantic U.S. areas removed from bodies of water.

The District is in plant hardiness zone 8a near downtown, and zone 7b elsewhere in the city, indicating a temperate climate. The National Mall is a large, open park in downtown Washington between the Lincoln Memorial and the United States Capitol. Given its prominence, the mall is often the location of political protests, concerts, festivals, and presidential inaugurations. The Washington Monument and the Jefferson Pier are near the center of the mall, south of the White House.

Popular tourist destinations in Washington


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Olympic National Park

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Spokane is a city in eastern Washington state. It's home to the Northwest Museum of Arts and Culture, which explores the region’s history through exhibits on art, culture and Native American heritage.


Yakima is a city in Washington state. It’s situated in the fertile Yakima Valley, known for its wineries and apple orchards. Yakima Valley Museum has exhibits on local history, including wooden wagons and a 1930s soda fountain.


  • Georgetown: Georgetown is a popular Washington, DC neighborhood for shopping, dining and nightlife. This shopping appeals to the younger crowd but also has plenty of boutiques and antique stores for all ages.
  • Penn Quarter: This is near the Verizon Center in downtown Washington, DC is bustling with activity among the amazing museums, contemporary restaurants and trendy and funky shops. Some of the other retailers include H&M, Pottery Barn, Ann Taylor Loft, Urban Outfitters, Bed Bath & Beyond, and Jos. A. Bank Clothiers. Gallery Place is a famous place for shopping, movies and restaurants.
  • Chevy Chase, Maryland: This neighborhood on the border of DC and Maryland is a great destination for shopping for the latest in fashion trends. Mazza Gallerie is a multi-level mall located just steps from the Friendship Heights Metro Station.
  • Dupont Circle: The lively Washington, DC neighborhood has an eclectic selection of bookstores, clothing boutiques, art galleries, gift shops and coffee shops. A few blocks away, along Connecticut Avenue, traditional clothing stores such as Brooks Brothers, Talbots, Burberry's and the Gap.

Places to visit

  • Great Falls Park: This is the beautiful 800 acre park located along the Potomac River. Enjoy a picnic and see one of the most spectacular natural landmarks in the Washington DC metropolitan area.
  • Glen Echo Park: This Park offers dance, theater, and the arts including concerts, demonstrations, workshops, and festivals.
  • Adams Morgan: This is one of the Washington's liveliest nightlife. Enjoy the international flavor of this community with restaurants with cuisine from just about everywhere from Ethiopia and Vietnam to Latin America and the Caribbean.
  • The National Zoo: you can see up to 435 different species of animals at the National Zoo, Washington DC's 163-acre zoological park set within the Rock Creek National Park.


Bus Routes: Buses on the DC Circulator’s five lines run between popular tourist spots such as Georgetown and Union Station, and arrive every ten minutes. The buses are spacious and relatively new, and with their bright-red paint and easy-to-spot signs
Metro: Metro opens at 5 am during the week and 7 on the weekends, and runs until 3 am Friday and Saturday and midnight all other days. The system is relatively clean and easy to use, and its six lines and 91 stations service most of the city and all the major suburbs.
Airports: Three major airports serve the District. Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport is across from downtown Washington in Arlington, Virginia and has its own Metrorail station. Given its proximity to the city, Reagan National has extra security precautions required by the Washington Air Defense Identification Zone. Major international flights arrive and depart from Washington Dulles International Airport, 26.3 miles (42.3 km) west of the District in Fairfax and Loudoun counties in Virginia. Baltimore-Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport is 31.7 miles (51.0 km) northeast of the District in Anne Arundel County, Maryland.

Visa Information

Indian Embassy at Washington
Embassy of India Embassy of India, Consular Wing 2107, Massachusetts Avenue, NW,Washington D.C. 20008
Telephone (202) 939-7000
Fax (202) 265-4351
Timings Acceptance of applications/documents: 10:00 A.M to 12:00 P.M
Consulate working hours: 9:30 A.M to 6.00 P.M (Monday-Friday)
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