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Bangkok is the capital city of Thailand. Bangkok has a population of about 12 million people. In the 15th century Bangkok was a small trading village situated near the Chao Phraya River.

In the year 1767 Ayutthaya handed over the kingdom to Burmese. Taksin, the new king of Burmese kingdom established his capital in the Bangkok village and then King Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke succeeded the king Taksin, later in the year 1782 he moved the capital to the eastern bank.

Bangkok, is one of two administrative areas in Thailand, the other being Pattaya, in which citizens are free to choose their governor.

Bangkok is divided into 50 districts, which are further subdivided into 169 kwaeng. Chief is the head of each district who is appointed by the governor.

Bangkok lies about 6.5 feet above the sea level, which has the advantage to protect the city during the floods in the monsoon region. The Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA) has established the higher banks alongside the canals to keep water level from reaching the street level.

According to the Koppen climate classification Bangkok has wet and dry climate. Average temperature in the city is about 2C.


  • Chatuchak market: Chatuchak weekend market is amazing. Visitors are amazed by its sprawling size, unbelievable variety of wares. Some of the famous items available in this market are vinyl records, beads, and suits of armor.
  • Tha Prachan street: located near the Thammasat University, where we can feel a captivating street shopping experience. Vendors spread out their items on a blanket right on the pavement to the entire road.
  • Flower and Fresh market: This market has wide varieties of flower namely: roses, forget me nots, orchids, lilies and many more.
  • Platinum fashion mall: This is the wholesale mall having many shops near Bangkok, from Khao San Road to Siam Square, which has 1,300 shops and will take 5 hours to go around the mall.


The two main Bangkok International Airports are:
  • Suvarnabhumi International Airport: also known as new Bangkok International Airport, serving Bangkok, Thailand.
    Suvarnabhumi handles both domestic flights and international flights. This airport is the center for Thai Airways International, Bangkok Airways, Orient Thai Airlines and Thai Air Asia. It also serves as regional gateway and a connecting point for various foreign carriers.
  • Don Mueang International Airport: is also serving Bangkok, Thailand. It was opened as a Royal Thai Air Force base on 27 March 1914. Commercial flights began in 1924. Don Mueang Airport closed in 2006 following the opening of Bangkok's new Airport called Suvarnabhumi.
    Don Mueang was an important center for Asia and Thai Airways International before its closure. It had 80 airlines operating 160,000 flights, handling over 38,000,000 passengers and 700,000 tons of cargo in 2005. It was the 18th crowded airport in the world.

Places to visit

  • Corrections museum: The full arsenal of sadistic punishments used on prisoners in the past is shown at this scary museum. Its man-holding rattan balls, head squeezing apparatus and many malevolent activities.
  • Giant swing: It was an old Brahmin ritual. There are two pillars in the Giant Swing it represents the mountains and the base to which it is attached represents earth and seas. During the rituals Brahmins swing from one pillar to another to grab the coins that are places on the pillars.
  • Forensic museum: Here we can find the mass murdering cannibals, glass jars containing deformed babies and gruesome autopsy photographs.

Famous temples

  • Temple of Emerald Buddha: also called as Wat Phra Kaew, famous temple in Thailand. Temple has a revered Buddha image carved out from a single stone of jade.
  • Wat Prayoon: also called as Wat Rua Lek, located on the western side of the Chao Praya river bank and has a large inverted bell shaped and turtle 'mountain' housing spirit houses.
  • Wat Pho: called as "Temple of the Reclining Buddha" and the largest temple in Bangkok has a reclining Buddha measured 46 metres long and covered with a golden leaf.

Visa Information

For more details on Bangkok Visa Information visit: Bangkok Visa Information.

Indian Embassy at Bangkok, Thailand
Consulate General of India Bldg 182, Road 2608, Area 326,
PABX 00-973-17712683/17712649/17712785
Fax General: 00-973-17 715 52
Consular Section: 00-973-17 710 349
Timings Submission of applications: 0830 hours - 1200 hours
Delivery of serviced passports & documents: 1500 hours - 1600 hours


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