oriya language The term Oriya comes from ancient Sanskrit Odra. The Odrakas are stated as one of the people that fought in the Mahabharata. Oriya belongs to the Indo-Aryan language family. The mother-tongue of the people living in the state of Orissa or Odisha is Oriya or Odia language. Around 31 million of people in India speak Orissa language. Oriya is spelled as Odia.Oriya is a primarily spoken language in the Indian states of Orissa, parts of West Bengal, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh. Oriya is the official language of Orissa and the second official language of Jharkhand.


Oriya, has been derived from the Eastern Magadhi Apabhramsa. The history of Oriya language is divided into Old Oriya (10th century-1300), Early Middle Oriya (1300-1500), Middle Oriya (1500-1700), Late Middle Oriya (1700-1850) and Modern Oriya (1850 till current day).
  • Old Oriya (7th century-1200): The Oriya language begins to appear in engravings with Oriya scripts in temples, copper plates, palm-leaf manuscripts etc.
  • Early Middle Oriya (1200–1400): The earliest use of style can be found in the Madala Panji or the Palm-leaf Chronicles of the Jagannatha temple at Puri.
  • Middle Oriya (1400–1700): long poem in Oriya was written by Mahabharat, Chandi Puran, Vilanka Ramayan of Shudramuni Sarala Das. Towards the 16th century, five poets emerged, they are known as the Panchasakha's .The poets are Balaram Das, Jagannath Das, Achyutananda Das, Ananta Das and Jasobanta Das.
  • Late Middle Oriya (1700–1850): In 17th century when Ramachandra Pattanayaka wrote Haravali a new form of novels in poetry evolved. Upendra Bhanja took a leading role in this period, his Baidehisha Bilasa, Koti Brahmanda Sundari, Lavanyabati creations were proved landmark in Oriya Literature. Prominent Kavyas of this time are Dinakrushna Das’s Rasokallola and Abhimanyu samanta Simhara’s Bidagdha Chintamani. Kabi surya Baladeb Rath, Santha Kabi or Andha Muni Bhima Bhoi, Brajanath Badajena and Gopal Krushna Pattanaik are four major poets who emerged in the end of the era
  • Modern Oriya (1850 till current day): The first Oriya printing typeset was cast in 1836 by the Christian missionaries who made great revolutions in Oriya literature and language.



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