GUJARATI LANGUAGE - ગુજરાતી ભાષા

Hindi language Gujarati is an Indo-Aryan language, part of the greater Indo-European language family. It is one of the 22 official languages and 14 regional languages of India. The language is simple and relatively easy to learn. As a conversational language, it is concise, simple, and well adapted for social and domestic dealings.

HISTORY OF THE GUJARATI LANGUAGE - ગુજરાતી ભાષા ઇતિહાસ

The history of the language can be traced back to 12th century CE. Gujarati language can be divided into three periods:
  • The old (Apabhramsa) period (10th-14th cent.): During this period Parsis learned Sanskrit, and many of their religious texts were translated into Sanskrit from the Middle Persian versions. Thereafter when Gujarat came under Muslim influence, Arabic and Persian were studied. Parsis readily took to the Persian language and Sanskrit studies declined. It was at this time that Avestan and Pahlavi texts were translated into Gujarati with the use of existing Sanskrit translations.
  • The middle period (15th-17th cent.): During this period Persian and later Urdu became the court language and, as such, exerted a great influence on Gujarati. Parsis used the Gujarati spoken locally in the villages of Surat and borrowed freely from Persian, Pahlavi, and Zand. They translated religious texts into this Gujarati, which had traces of Sanskrit, Persian, and local dialects.
  • Modern period (after 17th cent.): This period saw the westernization of Gujarati. Traditions of British Romanticism and styles crept into literature. Parsis readily took to English and started using some of its structural peculiarities. Some tried to use pure Sanskrit, but they were considered pedantic.

Demographics - વસ્તી-વિષયક માહિતી

As Gujarat is a heavily industrialized state of India, it attracts lots of outsiders, mostly from North India, (Bihar, Punjab, Haryana etc.) and South India. Hundreds of thousands of non-Gujarati workers live in Gujarat with hopes of wealth.

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