Vital Statistics of India, India Vital Statistics

India is the second largest country in the world after China. With this it provides vital statistics. Vital Statistics concerning human life or the conditions affecting human life and the maintenance of population.

List of Vital Statistics

1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011
Annual rates (per 1000 population)
Birth rate 49.2 48.1 46.4 45.2 39.9 41.7 41.2 37.2 32.5 26.1 25.8 20.22
Death rate 42.6 47.2 36.3 31.2 27.4 22.8 19.0 15.0 11.4 8.7 8.5 7.4
Natural increase 6.6 0.9 10.1 14.0 12.5 18.9 22.2 22.2 21.1 17.4 17.3 12.82
Life Expectancy (in years)
Combined 23.0 20.2 26.8 31.8 32.1 41.3 45.6 50.5 58.2 61.1 63.00 66
Male 22.6 19.4 26.9 32.1 32.4 41.9 46.4 50.9 57.7 60.4 62.30 67.46
Female 23.3 20.09 26.6 31.4 31.7 40.6 44.7 50.0 58.7 61.8 65.27 72.61
Population (in millions)
Total 238 252 252 279 319 362 439 548 683 846 1027 1200
Males 121 128 129 143 164 186 226 284 353 439 531.3 623.7
Females 117 124 123 136 155 176 213 264 330 407 495.7 586.5
Sex ratio
(Females per 1000 males)
972 964 955 950 945 946 941 930 934 927 933 940
Ratio of urban
population (%)
10.8 10.3 11.2 12.0 13.9 17.3 18.0 19.9 23.3 25.7 27.8 31.16
Density of population
(persons / km2)
77 82 81 90 103 117 142 177 216 267 324 382
Literacy rate (%)
Persons 5.4 5.9 7.2 9.5 16.1 18.3 28.3 34.5 43.6 52.2 65.4 74.04
Males 9.8 10.6 12.2 15.6 24.9 27.2 40.4 46.0 56.4 64.1 75.8 82.14
Females 0.6 1.0 1.8 2.9 7.3 8.9 15.3 22.0 29.8 39.3 54.2 65.46
Sex Ratio at Birth
Male Births - - - - - - - - - - - 94,36,361
Female Births - - - - - - - - - - - 80,87,068
Sex Ratio at Birth - - - - - - - - - - - 857
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