is a capital city of Italy. With 2.8 million people in 1,285.3 km, it is also the country's largest and fourth most populated city. The city is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, on the Tiber River within the Lazio region of Italy. Rome is referred to as "The Eternal City," a word expressed by ancient Roman poets and writers.
Rome's history is about two and a half thousand years. It was the capital city of the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, which had a strong power in Western Europe and the lands bordering the Mediterranean for over 700years from the 1st century BC until the 7th century AD and the city, is regarded as one of the birthplaces of western civilization.
Rome is famous for archaeological evidence of human occupation of the Rome area from at least 14,000 years ago, but the dense layer of much younger debris obscures Palaeolithic and Neolithic sites. It has the history of old stone tools, pottery and stone weapons attest to at least 10,000 years of human presence.
In the middle of the 15th century saw the center of the Italian Renaissance move to Rome from Florence. The Papacy wanted to equal and surpass the grandeur of other Italian cities and to this end created ever more elegant churches, bridges, squares and public spaces among them, the most famous are Saint Peter's Basilica, the Sistine Chapel, Ponte Sisto and Piazza Navona.
The Popes were also patrons of the arts engaging the best artists, namely: Michelangelo, Perugino, Raphael, Ghirlandaio, Luca Signorelli, Botticelli, and Cosimo Rosselli.
Rome is mainly Roman Catholic, and the city has been an important centre of religion and pilgrimage for centuries, the base of the ancient Roman Religion with the high priest of the College of Pontiffs and later the seat of the Vatican City and the pope.
Rome is at the centre of the radial network of roads
that roughly follow the lines of the ancient Roman roads that began at the Capitoline Hill and connected Rome with its empire. Due to its location in the centre of the Italian peninsula, Rome is a principal railway node for central Italy. The city suffers from traffic problems largely due to this radial street pattern, making it difficult for Romans to move easily from the vicinity of one of the radial roads to another without going into the historic centre or using the ring-road. These problems are not helped by the limited size of Rome's metro system when compared to other cities of similar size.
Rome's main train station
is one of the biggest train stations in Europe and the most heavily used in Italy, with around 400 thousand travellers passing through every day.
Rome is served by three airports.
- The intercontinental Leonardo da Vinci International Airport is Italy's chief airport and is commonly known as "Fiumicino Airport", as it is located within the nearby Comune of Fiumicino, south-west of Rome.
- The older Rome Ciampino Airport is a joint civilian and military airport. It is commonly referred to as "Ciampino Airport", as it is placed beside Ciampino, south-east of Rome.
- The Roma-Urbe Airport is a small; low-traffic airport located about 6 km north of the city centre, which handles most helicopter and private flights.
- Renaissance and Baroque: Rome was a major world centre of the Renaissance, and was from the greatest depth affected by the movement. Among others, a masterpiece of Renaissance architecture in Rome is the Piazza del Campidoglio by Michelangelo.
- Neoclassicism: During the earlier days, neoclassicism, a building style influenced by the architecture of antiquity, became a predominant influence in Roman architecture.
- Parks and gardens: Public parks and greenery nature cover a large area in Rome, and the city has one of the largest areas of green space amongst European capitals. The most likely places of these are Villa Borghese, Villa Ada, and Villa Doria Pamphili.
- Fountains and aqueducts: It is also called as "city of fountains", built in all different styles, from Classical and Medieval, to Baroque and Neoclassical. The city has had fountains for more than two thousand years, and they have provided drinking water and decorated the piazzas of Rome.
- Campo de' Fiori: It is the one of the oldest markets in Rome. Its name comes from the Piazza, where the market has been held for the last 140 years. The food market had been in Piazza Navona since 1478 but was moved to Campo de' Fiori in 1869. The market is held in the morning, except Sundays. Campo de' Fiori is also well known for its many restaurants and bars.
- Porta Portese: is a street market held every Sunday from the early morning until around 1 o'clock. It is situated on the left bank of the Tiber, between Porta Portese and Stazione Trastevere. The things we get here is clothes market, selling both new and second-hand clothes.
- Mercato delle Stampe: is located in Largo della Fontanella di Borghese, and is held every morning except Sunday. It sells antique books, magazines, engravings and prints.
- Mercato di Testaccio: contains greengrocers and butchers, fishmongers and sellers of cheese and dairy products, housed in a more permanent structure, unlike many Roman markets. Located in the Piazza Testaccio.
Places to visit
- Hop On - Hop Off Rome Bus Tour: Most of the hop on/off bus tour operators have several bus routes with 15 to 20 stops at the major sites around Rome. Usually they have running commentary available in multiple languages via headphones with jacks near every bus seat.
- The Colosseum & Arch of Constantine: The exterior of the building features numerous arches some of which led to interior corridors from the base of the stadium. The arches around the upper floors were each filled with statues of gladiator figures. The interior consisted of a wood floor that covered a complex set of rooms and passages where the elaborate show scenery, the gladiator men, and the animals were housed. Doors in the floor allowed the men and animals to get to the "stage" on a counter-weighted "elevator".
- San Clemente Basilica: San Clemente Basilica was built in 1100 on the ruins of a 4th century Christian church which was built on the ruins of a 1st century pagan temple. And the entire thing is constructed from little 1 centimeter square pieces of mosaic it's really unbelievable, amazing and stunning.
- Pantheon: The original temple was destroyed by fire in 80 AD and was rebuilt with the columns and interior hall that you can see today. The dome spans 142 feet and was the largest in the world until the dome was completed on Florence's Cathedral in 1436.
|Indian Embassy at Rome, Italy
|Consulate General of India
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